Malang is the second largest city in East Java province, Indonesia. It has an ancient history dating back to the Mataram Kingdom. The city population at the present time is around 780,000. During the period of Dutch colonization, it was a popular destination for European residents. The city is famous for its cool air and the surrounding country regions of Tumpang, Batu, Singosari, and Turen. People in East Java sometimes call it “Paris of East Java.” Malang was spared many of the effects of the Asian financial crisis, and since that time it has been marked by steady economic and population growth.
Etymology and HIstory
The name of Malang is taken from a temple namely Malang Kucecwara. The name of the temple is now applied to the motto of Malang. Malang Kucecwara literally means God has destroyed the false and enforced the right. Location of the temple is supposesedly located near modern Malang. “Malang” is Javanese word for “menghalangi (Indonesian)” or impeded (English). That word come from traditional history that people of Malang fighting its invader from Mataram Sultane bravely.
Hundreds, even thousands of years ago before Malang became the second biggest city in East Java, Malang used to be the centre of government of the Kanjuruhan and Singhasari Kingdom. In the following era, Malang regency became an important place when the government of Mataram Kingdom took hold of the area, making it the largest regency in East Java and since then the development of Malang regency has increased well.
The history of Malang Regency could be revealed through the Dinoyo inscription 760 AD as the primary official document to support the birth of Malang before a new inscription was discovered in 1986, which is so far not yet revealed. According to the inscription, it was concluded that the 8th century was the beginning of the existence of Malang Regency’s government due to the birth of King Gajayana’s ruling of his kingdom in Malang. From the Dinoyo inscriptions, it is noted that the inscription used the “Candra Sengkala” or “Cronogram” Calendar, and stated that the birth date of Malang Regency was on Jum’at Legi (sweet Friday) 28 November 760 AD. (L. Damaes: “Studed’ Epigraphy d’Indonesia IV. 1952”).
The city was incorporated into Mataram in 1614, then transferred to Dutch colonial rule. Malang was transformed under the Dutch; its cool climate which results from its elevation, along with its proximity to the major port of Surabaya, made it a popular destination for Dutch and other Europeans. In 1879, Malang was connected to Java’s railroad network, further increasing development and leading to increased industrialization.
Along with growth came urbanization. The government could not satisfy the population’s needs for affordable housing, which lead to the building of shanty towns along the rivers and rail tracks. Up until today, the shanty towns still exist; although some have been transformed into “better” housing.
Like most of Java, a large majority of Malang residents are Muslim; there are small minorities of Catholics, Hindus, and Buddhists. Many buildings of worship still stand from their construction in the colonial era. For example, Jami Mosque (or Agung Mosque), Sacred Heart Church (Gereja Hati Kudus Yesus) in Kayutangan, Saint Mary from Mount Carmel Cathedral (Gereja Ijen or Katedral Santa Maria dari Gunung Karmel) in Ijen Boulevard Street, seat fo the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malang, Eng An Kiong Buddhist Temple in Laksamana Martadinata Street. Malang is also famous for being the centre of religious education, this is evident with the existence of many Islamic schools (pesantren) and bible seminars.
Javanese and Madurese languages is the day-to-day language used by Malang people. Many of the native Malang youths adopt a dialect that is called ‘boso walikan’, it is simply done by reversing the pronunciation of the words, an example of this is by pronouncing “Malang” as “Ngalam” instead. Like Surabaya, Malang residents adopt an egalitarian form of Javanese. As it becomes the educational city, there are many languages from outside Java spoken in Malang.
Art & Culture
As a centre of tourism, Malang city has various places of interest which can be classified into local, regional, national and international standards, including traditional dance performances such as Tari Topeng (Mask Dance), Jaran Pegon, Tari Beskalan (Beskalan Dance), etc. There are also ‘Topeng’ or Mask handicraft at the villages of Jabung and Kedungmonggo which have become a familiar landmark in Malang Regency.
Malang is one of clean and cool cities in East Java has, without any doubt, been famous since long time ago. Historical remmants scattered around Malang Showing that it hat played important roles in may eras and stretching out from 112° 17' 10,90° up to 112° 57' 0,00° east Longitude and extending from 7° 44' 55,11° up to 8° 26' 35,45° South Latitude.
Malang is known with its beautiful beaches. There are many tourists who always visit Malang's beaches in holiday. The beaches are Ngliyep beach, Balekambang beach, and Sendang Biru beach.
Then the foreign tourists are commonly interesting to Malang's temples that save the historical value of the past Kingdom in Malang regency, they are; Singosari temple, Jago temple, Kidal temple, etc. Beside that, Malang still has a lot of tourism objects that will attract you to visit it. Coban Rondo waterfall, Wonosari tea plantation, Wendit pool, mount Kawi, mount Bromo panorama, Coban Pelangi waterfall, Karangkates recreation park, and the others, are Malang's Interesting Places that presents their nature scenery.
Also visit Malang City Tour that offers its interesting places such as; City Hall, Monument Juang'45, bird and flowers market, senaputra park, kayu tangan complex, City Square, Senaputra Park, etc.
Mount Bromo is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, a smoldering volcanic complex surrounded by a vast sea of whipping black sand found in East Java. On 2,319 metres (7,636 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most we know. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.
Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a vast plain called the Sea of Sand, a protected and conservation nature reserve since 1919. The way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang, Tumpang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 50 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organised jeep tour from wonokitri, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Penanjakan (2,760 m or 9,087 ft). The viewpoint on Penanjakan can also be reached on foot in about two hours. From inside the caldera, sulfur is collected by workers.
Depending on the degree of volcanic activity, the Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation sometimes issues warnings against visiting Mount Bromo.
Mount Semeru is an active volcano located in East Java, Indonesia. It is the highest mountain on the island of Java. The stratovolcano is also known as Mahameru, meaning ‘The Great Mountain. The name derived from the Hindu-Buddhist mythical mountain of Meru or Sumeru, the abode of gods.
Known also as Mahameru the (Great Mountain), it is very steep rising abruptly above the coastal plains of eastern Java. Maars containing crater lakes have formed along a line through the summit of the volcano. It was formed south of the overlapping Ajek-ajek and Jambagan calderas. Semeru lies at the south end of the Tengger Volcanic Complex.
Semeru has been in a state of near-constant eruption from 1967 to the present. At times, small eruptions happen every 20 minutes or so.
Semeru is regularly climbed by tourists, usually starting from the village of Ranu Pane to the north, but though non-technical it can be dangerous. Soe Hok Gie, an Indonesian political activist of the 1960s died in 1969 from inhaling poisonous gases while hiking on Mount Semeru.
Semeru is named from Sumeru, the central world-mountain in Buddhist cosmology and by extension Hinduism. As stated in legend, it was transplanted from India; the tale is recorded in the 15th-century East Javanese work Tantu Pagelaran. It was originally placed in the western part of the island, but that caused the island to tip, so it was moved eastward. On that journey, parts kept coming off the lower rim, forming the mountains Lawu, Wilis, Kelut, Kawi, Arjuno and Welirang. The damage thus caused to the foot of the mountain caused it to shake, and the top came off and created Penanggungan as well. Indonesian Hindus also hold a belief that the mountain is the abode of Shiva in Java.
In 2014, there are as many as 25 non-native plants in Mount Semeru National Park, which threaten the endemic local plants. The foreign plants were imported by a Dutch botanist named Van Steenis, in the colonial era. They include Foeniculum vulgare mill, Verbena brasiliensis, chromolaena odorata, and Salvinia molesta.
Mud erosion from surrounding vegetable plantations are also making problem of silting of Ranu Pane Lake, which the lake becomes smaller and shallower. Researcher predicted the lake will disappear in about 2025, except the kind of vegetables plantation is replaced with more ecological plantations.
Mount Kawi is a massive volcano near Malang city in East Java, Indonesia. This mountain is inextricably linked with Javanese folklore, such as local beliefs in regard to the sacred Dewa Daru tree (alternatively spelled ‘Dewadaru’ or ‘Dewandaru’). It is believed, that the Dewa Daru tree bestows wealth and riches onto the person who catches a falling leaf from this holy tree.
There are several sacred shrines at Mount Kawi, such as the burial tombs of two well-known, namely Kanjeng Kyai Zakaria II (also known as ‘Mbah Jugo’) and Raden Mas Iman Soedjono (alias ‘Mbah Sujo’), who were the spiritual advisors of Pangeran Diponegoro (1785–1855). When the Java War (1825–1830) broke out, the two fled to Mount Kawi in order to avoid persecution by the Dutch colonizers. The two established a spiritual learning center (a so-called ‘asrama’, or ‘padepokan’) at the slopes of Mount Kawi. The two charismatic guru teachers soon gathered a large following of students.
Hence, to this very day, both are still venerated by the local population in Malang. Indeed, their honorable deeds are commemorated by the local community, who performs rituals and offerings at their tombs at Mount Kawi. Though Mbah Sujo was Javanese, it has been suggested that Mbah Jugo was of Chinese descent. Hence, there are many Chinese who perform pilgrimage to the burial tomb of Kanjeng Kyai Zakaria II at Mount Kawi.
In addition, incense from Mount Kawi is considered a highly preferred paraphernalia for ritual worship. For this reason, the ritual incense from Mount Kawi is commonly used among Javanese mystics and Chinese spiritual practitioners, who thereby seek to enhance the mystical power and effects of the rituals they perform, which can help them to gain all sorts of virtuous blessings.
Mount Panderman or Batu City
Mount Panderman is popular with the name as the iconic nature of Batu city. Wherever you are in the area of Malang city, this mountain will always appear and become an interesting background. The peak can be seen clearly from the bottom, but even though its peak was impressed not so high, to get there you need excellent stamina because the road leading to the top of the climb is quite sharp and tiring. If you happened to be in Batu square, then the mountain with a height of 2045 meters this will be a sort of “backdrop” to the square of the famous Batu city with its Ferris wheel.
Come to Mount Panderman is not enough if you are not doing anything like climbing. To climb Mount Panderman there are two paths: the first lane is a common pathway that is already widely known through Toyomerto Hamlet, Village Guesthouse. The second pathway could be said not much to know because this pathway is not a common path and there are no facilities such as parking and clean water because it is not designed for those who are going to climb Mount Panderman; but this track is actually a kind of “shortcuts” to get at the top, and for members of the lovers of nature in the Batu city, this path is precisely the path of their favorites. The members of Batu nature lovers used to call the track “Heavy Bull.” A track is quite challenging because in some corner of the hill slope is almost reached 90 degrees, and can only be passed by climbing.
The scenery along this second path is not less beautiful with the first track but quite dangerous. Climbers will pass through the edge of a very steep rainfall bull yet so beautiful. If lucky, climbers can bring home the edelweiss flower which is widely available around Rainfall Bull. To pass this pathway from Batu city, climbers must be towards the direction of Kusuma Agro Hotel, and continued to ride through a pretty uphill paved road to the point of beginning of the climb.
Tea Garden Wonosari
Enjoy the beauty of the panorama and typical aroma of tea are scattered around the slopes of Mount Arjuna. Agro Tourism is an area of tea plantations into the town of Lawang, East Java frequently traversed the tourists on their way to Bali, precisely among travel Surabaya-Malang.
Tea Garden Wonosari, which is 6 km from Lawang or 30 km north of Malang city and 80 km south of Surabaya. Located at an altitude between 950-1250.
Coban Rondo Water Fall
Coban Rondo waterfall is a beautiful water fall on the slope of Mount Panderman resort that is about 32 km to the west from Malang city, it is very interesting to see and visit Coban Rondo waterfall and enjoy its nature scenery with its fresh air..
Coban Rondo has a height of about 84 m and is located at an altitude of 1,135 meters above sea level. The water comes from a source in Cemoro Dudo, the slopes of Mount Kawi with discharge of 150 liters per second in the rainy season and 90 liters per second in the dry season. Rainfall mean average 1,721 mm / yr, with the wet months from November to March and the dry months of April to October with an average temperature of +/- 22 ° C . The waterfall is located within the FMU Perhutani office Malang Parts Management Unit Forest Ranger Pujon and Resort South Pujon.
Before becoming Coban Rondo, actually on it there are the twin waterfalls called Coban Manten. Flowing down the waterfall was fused into Coban Dudo. Interestingly, Coban Dudo flows down into Coban Rondo. The source water of three waterfalls are located in the crater, a treeless plains none is above Coban Manten. Those who want to see it, other than to be careful also need more energy. Therefore, in addition to slippery roads, also quite far between 3-4 km.
Coban Pelangi Water Fall
One more beauty of Malang, Coban Pelangi Waterfall. Located in Poncokusumo district, about 35 km from Malang city to east, it is an area of Mount Semeru, the highest mountain in Java. If there’s sun ray you can always see rainbow there. In Indonesian rainbow is called Pelangi. That’s why it is called Coban Pelangi or Rainbow waterfall.
Coban Pelangi has a height of 110 m. It is higher than Coban Rondo Waterfall and Coban Ondo.
Starting in district Tumpang you’ll see greenery along the way. The air becomes cool as well. It is like Cangar in Batu. But here it is not so crowded which is better. Maybe because it is less known than Batu.
You will see a direction board to this nature beauty. Then we entered area Poncokusumo. On both side of the road you’ll see apples garden. We saw the white flowers and the green apples. It was misty but we couldn’t help not to stop for taking pictures. Good that there’s not lot of traffic so we could stop easily where we want.
Coban Talun Water Fall
Coban Talun Waterfall tourism is located in Junggo sub-village, Tulungrejo village, Bumiaji district. The waterfall is lying between the big stones. The big rock of white stone have predominate the contents of river. In the waterfall base there is superficial pool water what overflows pool.
This waterfall Meanwhile, on the left and right along the 2km trail was surrounded by a ravine. But once you arrive at the location of the waterfall, fatigue will soon be replaced by a sense of relief, delighted, and amazed at the beauty of natural Coban Talun Waterfall scenery.
Coban Talun waterfall is surrounded by forest and cool mountain. Because of the natural beauty, this area often used as camping ground area. This camping ground is located in one area with Coban Talun waterfall. The natural and cold area, make many visitors, either from education world and public, interesting to visit this camping. But the visitors should have fit stamina to reach the location, because the path is sloping way.
Coban Jahe Water Fall
Coban Jahe Waterfall or also known as Begawan Waterfall has a height of about 45 m with rocks giant on the wall and a small pond below. The waterfall is included in the area of Perhutani Unit II RPH Sukopuro-Jabung.
Name Jahe, is actually taken from the Java language ‘Pejahe’ which means death. Name it appears, after about a squad of soldiers (TNI, now) under the command of Ali Murtopo to fight against the Dutch government. With the changing times, the name ‘Pejahe’ was eventually changed Ginger. Likewise, the name of the tomb, they were buried was made final resting place called Makam Pahlawan Ginger time. The existence of Heroes Cemetery Ginger own time, can be found about 50 meters, when before the entrance of Coban Jahe Waterfall.
Located about 23 km from the Malang city and can be reached with a four-wheeled vehicle with taking direction to Tumpang. Arriving in Overlapping turn left into Pandansari Lor village, hamlet Begawan.
Arriving at the entrance of Coban Jahe Waterfall, traveling quite difficult to do with a motor vehicle because it is badly damaged roads even further ground a path through through the rice fields and gardens and some parts of macadam (stones are laid out) . For four-wheeled vehicles can be parked vehicles on site parking is a stretch of empty land around 100 m from the entrance.
There is a sign directions to Coban Jahe Waterfall is not far from the gate entrance Overlapping city. Next up is not found again the directions, so good as to ask locals what direction the coban.
This is not found in the location of any facility such as a TOILET, even any tickets there is no counter. Facilities available only a vacant lot for camping. For those of you who like a challenge plus tours, no wrong visited Coban Jahe Waterfall.
Hot Spring Tourism Cangar
Hot Spring Tourism Cangar is one of the Natural recreation of Eastjava located in the territory Of the Batu – Malang city is perfect for tourists who want to enjoy the beautiful mountain scenery while enjoying a dip in the hot spring pool.
Cangar also has a hot spring pool with temperature of 30 C – 40 C. The visitors will enjoy the nature scenery around it.
Facilities available at the places fairly complete. Cangar tourism has some tourism facilities that will make all visitors comfortable to visit this tourism area, that is :
Hot spring pool
Visitors who do not bring a bathing suit can also buy or rent from the manager.
The tourists who visit this places can sample the sticky black tape with tetel, sticky black tape and water known as badhek, is a typical dish of the area.
The fresh cool air and certainly we feel the occasional blowing cold air, piercing the bones add to the exotic atmosphere of the area and the beauty of paragliding. In this place you can enjoy the beauty of the city is one of the Batu Mount Banyak. Whether day or night, this place serves different shades of beauty. Batu town which is not too large (only consists of 3 sub-district), you can enjoy from the western of Batu that borders the Pujon which is one of the sub-district of Malang.
For those of you who feel challenged to perform unusual sports, challenged to feel the sensation of flying like an eagle in the middle of a cloud. or for those of you who want to enjoy views of the Batu or Malang city from a different angle and would like to have other photos than others, you might be able to consider this.
Mount Banyak was facilitated with resting place and Paralayang bases. You will enjoy the beautiful nature scenery in Mount Banyak and also meet with some Paralayang athletes. From the sky, you can look around the scenery Batu town like a bird. If you are interesting to try this sport, the guide will accompany you and feel the nature adventure in Mount Banyak Paralayang.