Bunaken Island













Bunaken is an island, formerly part of Manado bay, is norther part of Sulawesi province, Indonesia. The visitors can reach Bunaken by speed boat abour 30 minutes from Manado sea port. Around the Bunaken Island, there is Bunaken Sea Garden which is part of Bunaken National Park. Overall, Bunaken is covers an area of 75,265 hectares with five islands within, which is the island of Manado Tua, Bunaken Island, Siladen Island, Mantehage Island island and the branch of it, Naen Island.

Bunaken marine park has 20 points dive spot with varying depth of up to 1344 meters. From those 20 diving points, the 12 points among them are around is Bunaken Island. Those twelve point dive are the most frequently visited by the divers or tourist who want to enjoy the beauty of the underwater scenery.

Most of the 12 points dive in Bunaken Island is line from the southeast to the northwest of the island. In this area, there are great underwater walls, also called the hanging walls, a giant rock walls that stand vertically and curved upward. These rock walls are also a source of food for fish in the waters around Bunaken Island.

While on Bunaken National Park, Bunaken National Park is a representative of Indonesian tropical water ecosystems consist of mangrove ecosystems, seagrass beds, coral reefs, and land / coastal ecosystems. Potential mainland islands national park is rich in species of palm, sago, woka, silar and coconut. Animal species that exist on the mainland and the coast are, Sulawesi black macaques (Macaca nigra nigra), deer (Cervus timorensis russa), and polecat (Ailurops ursinus ursinus).

Mangrove plant species in the Bunaken National Park is Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia sp., Lumnitzera sp., And Bruguiera sp. This forest is rich with various kinds of crab, shrimp, mollusks and various types of sea birds such as seagulls, storks, sea dove and Heron.

Approximately there are 91 species of fish found in the waters of Bunaken National Park, including fish gusumi horse (Hippocampus horse), white oci (Seriola rivoliana), yellow tail lolosi (Lutjanus kasmira), goropa (Ephinephelus spilotoceps and Pseudanthias hypselosoma), ila trunk (Scolopsis bilineatus) , and others.

Bunaken National Park can be reached through the port of Manado, Marina Nusantara Diving Centre (NDC) in the District of Molas and Marina Blue Banter. From the Port of Manado using a motorboat to the Siladen island is about 20 minutes, Bunaken Island about 30 minutes, Montehege island about 50 minutes, and Nian Island about 60 minutes. If the visitors went from Blue Banter Marina with a yacht that is available to the tourist areas on the island of Bunaken, it will be taken within 10-15 minutes, while to go the diving spot from NDC using a speed boat can be reach in 20 minutes.

Diving Season
You can enjoy Bunaken Island diving all year round but overall the best season for dive conditions are from March to October. November to late-February sometimes sees winds and rains so surface conditions can be occasionally rough with 1 or 2 metre swells at that time. Litter washed up from the mainland can also be a problem in rainy season too.

Water temperature (27-30°C) and visibility (20-35m) are pretty constant all year round. The rainy season of November to late February is less pronounced than at some other places in the region although showers are not unusual during this time. Visibility is reduced when it rains, more so around Manado bay sites than those at Bunaken.

Many creatures here are year round, such as the amazing array of giant clams and nudibranchs. Resident dugongs as well as barracuda and tuna appear throughout the year. June is a good months for sharks, July for dolphins and whales. Sperm whales migrate through the region to calf in the Sangihe region in March and July/August. This period also happens to be the time when homosapiens are present in the area in large numbers.

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