WEAVING (TENUN)

Weaving is a technique in the manufacture of fabrics made with principle (principle) is as simple as combining the lengthwise and crosswise threads. In other words bersilangnya between warp and weft alternately.

Manufacture of woven fabrics is common in Indonesia. Especially in the area of ​​Java and Sumatra. Usually made of woven fabric production in the household. Some areas are known for the production of cloth is tenunnya West Sumatra, Palembang and West Java.

Ikat
Ikat craft or fabric belts are woven Indonesia in the form of strands woven fabric weft or warp threads that were previously tied and dipped in natural dyes. The loom is used loom machines. Ikat fabrics can be sewn to clothing and equipment used clothing, upholstery furniture, or interior decorator home.

Before woven, yarn strands wrapped (tied) with a plastic strap in accordance with the pattern or decorative patterns are desired. When dyed, piece of yarn tied with plastic rope will not be stained. Made of double ikat weaving weft and warp yarns which are both already given motif through binding technique before dipped into the dye.
Ikat techniques contained in various regions in Indonesia. Regions in Indonesia, which is famous for ikat fabrics include: Toraja, Sintang, Jepara, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, and Timor. Gringsing cloth from Tenganan, Karangasem, Bali is the only Indonesian fabric made from double ikat technique (double ikat).

Ikat fabrics can be distinguished from songket based on the type of yarn. Songket generally wear gold or silver thread. Songket motif is only visible on one side of the fabric, while the connective fabric pattern visible on both sides of the fabric.

Weaving type of connective

Ikat Weaving NTT, of Timor
Ikat Weaving Troso, from Jepara
Ikat Weaving Lombok, from Lombok
Ikat Weaving Sumbawa, Sumbawa

Weaving Tools

The loom is a device or machine for weaving yarn into a textile (cloth). The loom consists of a traditional loom, loom machines that are used to weave the human hand, as well as the engine loom fitted the motor. According to its size, traditional looms and loom machines that are used to weave small while sitting, while the large loom used to weave while standing. The ancient Egyptians and the ancient Chinese people are familiar loom machines since 4000 BC.

The basic function as a place to put the loom threads of the warp so that the weft can be inserted in between the warp threads to be used as a fabric. Shape and loom mechanism can vary, but the functionality remains basically the same.

Weaving

Weaving is the process of making woven goods (cloth) from crossing two sets of threads with how to insert her crosswise weft yarns in the warp threads (warp). Before weaving conducted penghanian, the installation of the warp yarns are parallel to each other in accordance loom fabric width desired.

The loom is used to hold the strands of the warp threads while the weft is inserted transversely between strands of warp yarn. Criss-cross pattern between the warp and weft threads are called webbing. The majority of woven products made using three techniques woven: plain woven, woven satin, and woven keper.

Plain fabric obtained from the results of one color yarn woven, knitted wear colorful yarn with artistic and decorative designs, to elaborate tapestry fabric. Indonesian traditional weaving craft, among others, striated, ikat, songket, and grimace. While creating ikat, before woven into the fabric, yarn strands tied and dipped in dye.

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